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Credo FOR PARENTS AND TEACHERS



Guiding Principles For Teaching Children the Catholic Faith



GERARD FREY

Published by Village Acres Publishing-Melanie Jean Juneau

Smashwords Edition

copyright 2016 :Gerard Frey


Smashwords Edition, License Notes

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Credentials

Gerard Frey received his post secondary education in St Joseph Seminary in Edmonton (3 years Philosophy) and Regina Cleri Seminary in Regina (2 years Theology) and graduated from the University of Ottawa with a B.Ed. and M.Ed. He received a Secondary School Teaching Certificate from the Ontario College of education at the University of Toronto.

Credo for Parents and Teachers is a manual to help parents and teachers bring the Oral and Scriptural Teachings of the Catholic Church to our children.  

DEDICATION

To Our Lady of Fatima

Our Lady of the Rosary

In Commemoration of the Great

Miracle on October 13, 1917



PREFACE

Jesus gave the Church its Mission when He instructed the Apostles: Jesus tells us in these words what our mission is. To teach what He taught.

That is He wants us to love God and our neighbors as ourselves and that the conversion of sinners gives great joy in Heaven because He has found His lost sheep. The love Jesus has for us reflects the great love God has for mankind.

Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold I am with you always to the end of the age” (Matthew 28: 19).

Catholic parents and teachers want to help bring this Mission of the Church to our children. Jesus taught us the Two Great Commandments:

He said to him, “You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your soul, and with your all your mind. This is greatest and the first commandment. The second is like it. You shall love your neighbor as yourself. The whole law and the prophets depend on these two commandments” (Matthew 22: 37)

Jesus taught us the need of Repentance for the sinner:

Rejoice with me because I have found my lost sheep. I tell you that just in the same way there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous people who have no need of repentance”

(Luke 15: 6)


It is the authors hope that this work will help parents and teacher fulfill this Mission of the Church.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I: Introduction

1. Purpose

2. Note to Parents and Teachers

3. The Credo Tree



Part II: Objectives and Credo

1. The Objectives of Credo

2. Credo Basic Summary

3. Credo Basic Quiz



Part III: The Nine Objectives Taken From The Credo Tree

1) Objective One: The Father the Son and the Holy Spirit

1. Questions Students Ask

2. Jesus reveals God as: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit



Objective Two: Creation

1. Questions Students Ask

2. Comparison of Genesis with Scientific Theory

3. The Creative power of God



Objective Three: Creation of Adam and Eve

1. Questions Students Ask

2.We are created in the image of God

3. Our human nature reflects something of God

4. Prayers that give honor and glory to God

5. The First Three Commandments

6. Jesus instructs us how to serve God

7. Scripture Describes Mankind’s Creation



Objective Four: Their Disobedience - Heaven Closed

1. Questions Students Ask

2. Scriptures that tell us about Original Sin

3. Old Testament- God stayed in touch with His people

4. The Old Testament Patriarchs and Prophets

5. Other Prophets

6. The Psalms

7. John the Baptist



Objective Five: Jesus Died for Mankind - Heaven Opened

1. Questions Students Ask

2. The Scriptures Teach us Jesus

3. The Mysteries of the Rosary in the Scripture

4. Jesus Speaks as Only God Can Speak



Objective Six God Gave us the Church and Holy Spirit

1. Questions Students Ask

2. The Church in Scripture

3. The Seven Sacraments



Objective Seven: God Gave us Mary, The Angels and Saints

1. Questions Students Ask

2. Biblical references to Mary

3. Approved Appearances of Our Lady

4. The Angels

5. The Saints of the Church



Objective Eight: Our Free Will Can Accept or Refuse

1. Questions Students Ask

2. The Commandments - Fourth to Tenth

3. The Eight Beatitudes

4. The Morning Offering

5. The Works of Mercy

6. Warnings from Scripture

Objective Nine: Consequences to the Decisions we Make

1. Questions Students Ask

2. Scripture tells us about reward and punishment

3. The Church teaches that Purgatory cleanses sins

4. Heaven: The reward that God gives

5. Hell the greatest punishment

6. Hell is for those who reject God

7. The Choice is ours



Part IV Parent and Teacher Resources and References

1. The Nicene Creed

2. Questions asked by Students

3. The Word of God

4. References

Credo Tree for use as Handouts

Part I: IntroductionPart I: Introduction1. Purpose

I have prepared children in Sacramental Programs in parishes for many years. For over ten years I taught the Rosary in schools, which included explaining the associated mysteries of the Rosary. During this experience I talked to many parents, teachers and students about the Faith. Questions children and students asked showed their great interest in understanding the faith more fully

In the last few years, I looked at my notes and lessons again to find out what could be done to make them more easily understood and organized in the minds of children and students

I recalled the answer my mother gave me when I was about six years old recovering from a childhood illness. I asked my mother, "Why do we have to get sick?” She would tell me in very simple terms the Revelation of God’s plan of salvation revealed to us in the Book of Genesis: about the disobedience of our first parent, the time out they received for their disobedience, how this affected the human race, and how He promised to send Mary and Jesus His Son to help us. This very simple presentation of the Fall of Adam and Eve and Redemption made a deep impression on me and answered many questions I had about the pain and difficulties that affected our daily lives.

Using my mother’s example, I prepared a CREDO TREE which is like a snapshot of our Faith. This Credo Tree displays in nine branches the basic truths of our Faith. The children and students will more readily understand how what we believe is related to God’s awesome Revelation of His Plan of Salvation.

This CREDO TREE can be introduced in kindergarten in very simple terms. As students progress from grade to grade, the precious ornaments from Scripture and Tradition can be added, increasing their knowledge as their understanding matures.

It is important to remember that this manual is meant as a resource and reference for parents and teachers to guide them in teaching the Catholic Faith to our children.



2. Note to parents and teachers

I believe if a brief outline of God’s awesome plan of our salvation after the fall of mankind is introduced to children, it will answer a lot of the questions they are asking. The Credo Tree follows.

For an overview of the content of this Manual note the following:

Part II: Is a short outline of the Nine Objectives and a Summary of our Faith based on the Credo Tree. A 10 question Quiz follows.

Part III:

Presents the Objectives in more detail and answers questions Children are asking. Please note that many relevant Scriptural texts are given with each Section. These texts are usually very brief. Refer to the given source from Scripture for more details. When you do this, you will find many other powerful Scriptural texts to use in your lessons.

Part IV: gives references and resource material.

1) The Nicene Creed

2) A list of questions students ask about our faith. These questions are answered in the body of this manual in the appropriate section.

3) Under “Word of God” you will be able to locate useful Gospel Passages.

4) The Credo Tree can be used for handout or assignment purposes.

3. The Credo Tree

The Credo Tree is a snapshot of the order of God’s revelation of His plan of Salvation. This makes it easier for students to remember what we believe. This can be taught as nine objectives.

Use PART IV for the “Credo Tree" handout

THE FATHER

AND THE SON JESUS

AND THE HOLY SPIRIT



CREATION

CREATION OF ADAM AND EVE

THEIR DISOBEDIENCE – HEAVEN CLOSED

JESUS DIED FOR MANKIND – HEAVEN OPENED



GOD GIVES THE HOLY SPIRIT AND CHURCH TO LEAD US

GOD GIVES US MARY, ANGELS, AND SAINTS TO INTERCEDE



OUR FREE WILL CAN ACCEPT OR REFUSE THIS HELP GOD GIVES US

THERE ARE CONSEQUENCES TO THIS DECISION

AFTER DEATH

JUDGMENT

PURGATORY

HEAVEN

HELL

Part II: Objectives and Credo

1. THE NINE OBJECTIVES

taken from the Credo Tree are described below in more detail. Children should learn these objectives as the basics of the Catholic faith.

1) OBJECTIVE ONE: The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit -The Most Holy Trinity

2) OBJECTIVE TWO: Creation - God created heaven and earth.

3) OBJECTIVE THREE: Creation of Adam and Eve - God made them in His image, with intelligence and free will. God created us to know, love and serve Him and give Him glory.

4) OBJECTIVE FOUR: Disobedience- Our first parents chose to disobey God, our relationship with God was broken, our souls wounded and the gate of heaven was closed.

5) OBJECTIVE FIVE: Jesus Died for Mankind- By His life, death, and resurrection, He healed our broken relationship with God and opened the gate of heaven.

6) OBJECTIVE SIX: God gave us the Holy Spirit and authority to the Holy Catholic Church to lead us to heaven.

7) OBJECTIVE SEVEN: God gave us Mary, the angels, and saints to intercede for us.

8) OBJECTIVE EIGHT: Free will can accept or reject help and guidance, which God has given us through Jesus Christ.

9) OBJECTIVE NINE: There are consequences to decisions



2. Credo Basics Summary

The following summary of our faith attempts to answer the question: What do Catholics believe?

This summary uses the objectives on the previous page and presents a brief description of each..1)

1) OBJECTIVE ONE: The Father and The Son and The Holy Spirit are One God

The Three Persons in One God have been revealed to us in Sacred Scripture.

Jesus revealed Himself to His Apostles as the Son of the living God and that He and the Father were one, and also that they would send us the Holy Spirit.

In the Apostles Creed, God the Father is the Creator, Jesus the Son is the Redeemer or Savior, and the Holy Spirit is the Sanctifier.

He gave us the mission to teach all nations and baptize them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.



2) OBJECTIVE TWO: Creation - God created heaven and earth

Our faith is reasonable because, all around us, the wonderful design and beauty of nature demands an intelligent Creator Our intelligence demands an infinite intelligence

God first created the Angels. Lucifer, one of the powerful angels, decided he would not serve God. Michael the Archangel was given the power by God to expel Lucifer and his angels from Heaven. This separation from God we call Hell.



Then God chose to create the Universe which is truly ever more awesome as scientists learn more and more about it. This is described in the book of Genesis.

In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth and the earth was without form or shape, with darkness over the abyss and a mighty wind sweeping over the waters God saw that everything He created was good” (Genesis 1: 1).

3) OBJECTIVE THREE: Creation of Adam and Eve

Then God chose to create Adam and Eve. This was a very special creation and, like God, they had intelligence and free will. And like God they are also very creative as is obvious from our History. Some examples of the creative power of humans can be seen in cars, televisions, computers, cell phones and space travel. The beginning of mankind is told in the book of Genesis.

God created mankind in his image; in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. God blessed them and God said to them: be fertile and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it” (Genesis 1: 27).

The Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being” (Genesis 2: 7).

4) OBJECTIVE FOUR: Their Disobedience – Heaven is Closed.

God revealed to us, in the book of Genesis, that Adam and Eve had intelligence and free will. He gave them a simple test in the Garden of Eden where they had everything. God told them not to eat the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden or they would die and get the knowledge of good and evil. They were free to obey or disobey. Satan, in the form of a serpent, lied to Eve, telling her they would not die, if she ate the fruit, but would be like God knowing good and evil, Eve was deceived by Satan and ate of the forbidden fruit. Then she gave some to Adam and he also ate. This sin of disobedience is called Original sin because it is the first sin committed by mankind.

They were expelled from Paradise and Heaven was closed to mankind. However, God promised that one day a Woman and her offspring would defeat Satan. For thousands of years God revealed Himself and His plan of salvation to the Patriarchs and prophets until the Messiah Jesus was born about two thousand years ago.

5) OBJECTIVE FIVE: Jesus Died for Mankind – Heaven is Opened.

Mary is the Woman and Jesus is her offspring as God promised to Adam and Eve.

By His death, Jesus made reparation to God the Father for all the sins of mankind. Jesus obeyed the will of God the Father to save mankind. By His birth, life, death and resurrection Jesus proved that He is the Messiah and Redeemer of the human race.

Of course, to be saved we must cooperate with God’s grace by repenting for and confessing the sins that we have committed.

By dying for us, Jesus opened the gate of heaven which had been closed to us because of the disobedience of Adam and Eve which is called Original Sin. He has enabled us to enter heaven by His grace freely given, if we obey His commands.

6) OBJECTIVE SIX: God gave us the Holy Spirit and the Church to Lead Us.

Jesus gave us the Church and after ascending to the Father, they sent us the Holy Spirit. As members of the Church, Jesus wants us to remain close to Him. “I am the vine, you are the branches. Whoever remains in me and I in him will bear much fruit, because without me you can do nothing.”

The authority in the Church was given originally to Peter and the Apostles. As the Church grew and the Apostles died or were martyred, successors were chosen to replace them. Their successors were the Pope and the Bishops. That is why the Church says authority rests with the Pope and the Bishops.

He said to them, “But who do you say I am?” Then Simon Peter said in reply, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God." Jesus said to him in reply, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father. And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven" (Matt. 16: 15).

Before Jesus returned to His Father He gave us the Church to administer the Mass and Sacrament to help us overcome sin and increase in Holiness. Jesus said, “The Advocate, the Holy Spirit that the Father will send in my name—He will teach you everything, and remind you of all things that I told to you” (John 14: 26).

7) OBJECTIVE SEVEN: God gave us Mary, the angels, and the saints to intercede.

We all have Guardian Angels that protect us. It is common to say prayers to the Angels for guidance in our lives and protection from evil. Michael, Raphael and Gabriel are mentioned in the Bible. Michael protects us from the evil one, Raphael is the healer, and Gabriel is the messenger of God. Gabriel came to tell Mary that she was chosen to be the Mother of Jesus.

The Church has always honored Mary, the Martyrs and the Saints constructing Churches and dedicating Altars to them. We believe that the Saints are alive in Heaven and can intercede for us. Mary is greatly honoured in the Church because she is the Mother of Jesus the Son of God. That is why we say,” Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners.”



8) OBJECTIVE EIGHT: Our free will can accept or refuse the help God gives us.

And I tell you, ask and you will receive, seek and you will find, knock and the door will be opened to you. For everyone who asks, receives; and the one who seeks, finds; and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened” (Luke 11: 9).

Now someone approached him and said, “Teacher what must I do to gain eternal life?” Jesus answered him, “If you wish to enter into eternal life keep the commandments.” He asked him, “Which ones?” And Jesus replied, “You shall not kill; you shall not commit adultery; you shall not steal; you shall not bear false witness; honor your father and mother; and you shall love your neighbor as yourself” (Matt. 19: 16).

God’s laws must be obeyed before all human laws. Jesus stressed the Great commandment; Love God with all your heart and Love your neighbor as yourself. With God’s help we can repent, confess our sins, and atone.

God in the beginning created human beings and made them subject to their own free choice. If you choose, you can keep the commandments; loyalty is doing the will of God. Set before you are fire and water; to whatever you choose, stretch out your hand. Before everyone are life and death, whichever they choose will be given them” (Sirach 15: 14).

9) OBJECTIVE NINE: There are consequences to the decisions we make.

In the CREED we say: “He ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of the Father Almighty. He will come again to judge the living and the dead.”

God who will repay everyone according to his works; eternal life to those who seek glory, honor, and immortality through perseverance in good works, but wrath and fury to those who selfishly disobey the truth and obey wickedness” (Rom. 2: 5).

Saints and theologians tell us that God is what the soul hungers for after death and wants to live forever with God in Heaven.

To understand God’s punishment for sin, consider our Justice System which gives life sentences for certain crimes (murder or treason) and shorter punishment for lesser crimes (stealing or injury). For speeding fines, it is often a certain amount of money to be paid. Hell is eternal punishment. Purgatory is a period of suffering after death for sins committed during our lifetime and that have not been atoned for. The soul is cleansed of all stain of sin in Purgatory. Heaven is eternal Freedom and Happiness. It is part of Wisdom to have a healthy fear of God’s punishment called, “Fear of the Lord”. Jesus told us that He came to save sinners and that there is great joy in Heaven at the conversion of each sinner.

A Ten Question Quiz: Use these answers to check the responses.

1. Revealed 2. Good 3. Image 4. Closed 5. Original 6. Bishop 7. Mother 8. Choose 9. Works or Deeds 10. Obey

3. Credo Basics Quiz -fill in the blanks

The Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit are one God.

1. Jesus _________Himself to the Apostles as the Son of God.

God created heaven and earth.

2. God saw that everything He created was _________.

Creation of Adam and Eve

3. God created mankind in his own __ with intelligence and free will.

Their disobedience – Heaven is closed.

4. God revealed to us in Scripture that Adam and Eve had intelligence and free will. Because of their disobedience Heaven was _______to mankind.

Jesus died for mankind: Heaven is open.

5. By dying for us Jesus opened the gate of Heaven which had been closed to us because of the disobedience of Adam and Eve. This sin is called ______sin.

God gives us the Holy Spirit and the Church to lead and guide us.

6. The authority to govern the Church was originally given to Peter and the Apostles. This authority is now with the Pope and ____ of the Church.

God gives us Mary, the Angels and the Saints to intercede for us.

7. Mary is greatly honored in the Church because she is the___of Jesus.

Our free will can accept of refuse the help God gives.

8. Before everyone are life and death, whichever they _____will be given them.

There are consequences to the decisions we make.

9. God will repay everyone according to his ____________.

10. God will give Eternal life to those who _____His commands.



Part III: The Nine Objectives Taken From The Credo Tree1. OBJECTIVE ONE: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit -the Most Holy Trinity

For more information consult: “Catechism of the Catholic Church” - PART ONE – Section two – Chapters one, two and three.



1. Question students ask

A) Why do we say God is three Persons?

The Three Persons in One God have been revealed to us in Sacred Scripture.

Jesus revealed Himself to the Apostles as the Son of God and called God His Father. The Evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John wrote about all this in their four Gospels. Jesus taught His Apostles that He was really and truly the Son of the living God. He and the Father were one and that they would send us the Holy Spirit.

In the Apostles Creed, God the Father is the Creator, Jesus the Son is the Redeemer or Savior, and the Holy Spirit is the Sanctifier.

In the Old Testament there are hints that God is Creator, Spirit, and Son. For example, in Genesis 1: 1, God is described as the Creator, and as a mighty wind (Spirit)sweeping over the waters, and “You are my Son this day I have begotten You” (Psalm 2:3), reveals that God has a Son.

B) Who created God?

The questions of Creation and Existence are very difficult for the human mind to comprehend.

Saint Thomas Aquinas attempted to answer this question. He gave five proofs for the existence of God. The two easiest to understand are that everything demands a First Cause and a Prime Mover.

We experience every day that all things that are manufactured have a cause (the one who made it), and anything that moves has to have a source of power (the engine) to move it.

Every profession believes that its efforts are the cause of good results for its clients. All our experiences show that what we do has a result; good or bad.

We hope that our efforts will have beneficial results and we carry out tests to determine those results. Most Scientists agree that something cannot come out of nothing. That is why we believe that God is the First Cause of creation.

We also know that we need a source of power to move anything. Objects do exist and move. There had to be some force that started the movement but did not need to be moved.

The answer therefore is that no one created God since He is that First Cause and that Prime Mover who existed for all eternity and is the Eternal Presence.

C) What is faith and what is knowledge?

Faith is believing something because you trust the person telling you that something you have not experienced is true.

Knowledge is knowing something is true because you have experienced it with your senses. In the Gospel, for example, Thomas would not believe the other Apostles who had seen Jesus after the resurrection but did believe after he had seen Jesus a few days later. Jesus reminded them that those who believe in Him, but have not seen Him, are blessed.

D) Why should we believe?

E) Why do we believe in Scriptures?

We read and believe ancient documents that tell us about Julius Caesar and Aristotle. In the same way we have first-hand evidence from the Evangelists and Apostles who knew Jesus very well and wrote about Him in the Gospels.

Jesus also made claims that no mere human being could make, nor perform what He did. In addition, He promised us eternal life and happiness after death, if we keep His commands. This should surely motivate us to read the Gospels and other Scriptures carefully and obey Jesus to gain the rewards He promised us.

The Roman Historian Josephus also wrote what he heard about Jesus. He was not a believer and therefore had no reason to make up stories. He wrote about the things he heard of Jesus, although he did not know Him directly.

Read more about Josephus under OBJECTIVE FIVE.

2. Jesus reveals God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

“Whoever loves me will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and will make our dwelling with him” (John 14: 23).

Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me” (John 14: 6).

The Advocate, the holy Spirit that the Father will send in my name—he will teach you everything, and remind you of all things that I told to you” (John 14: 26).

But I tell you the truth, it is better for you that I go. For if I do not go, the Advocate will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you” (John 16: 7).

Then in anger his master handed him over to the torturers until he should pay back the whole debt. So will my heavenly Father do to you, unless each of you forgives his brother from his heart” (Matt. 18:34).

Then Jesus approached and said to them … “Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, until the end of the age” (Matt. 28: 18).

2. OBJECTIVE TWO: Creation -God created heaven and earth

For more information consult: “Catechism of the Catholic Church” PART ONE – Section two – Chapter one

In the Creed we say: “I believe in God the Father Almighty Creator of Heaven and Earth.”



1. Questions Students Ask.

A) Do scientists believe?

a) Religion

All scientists who accept the Christian Religion believe that God is the author of both Science and Religion. All scientists who are Christian believe in God the Father Almighty, creator of Heaven (Religion) and Earth (Science). This is based on God’s revelations of Himself to us.

St. Thomas Aquinas, a great Dominican Theologian, said that our faith is reasonable because it does not contradict what God can do, or what our intelligence can conclude. St. Thomas reasoned that the existence and forces of nature are created by God the First Cause and the Prime Mover.

For Christians all scientific knowledge or theories must have a cause or mover. That is why we believe that God is the First Mover and the Prime Mover of all that is visible or invisible.

The answer God gave Moses was to tell the Israelites that “I AM sent me to you”. God is telling Moses that He is in the ETERNAL PRESENCE. There is no past or future with God because everything is PRESENT to HIM. Existence without time is a great mystery to the human mind.

One theologian summed it up elegantly when commenting on this subject:

“Genesis as a theological document has validity. Everything was created by God. Our universe is an ordered creation. There are Laws that govern the known world. There is a Prime Mover /Cause of the universe. God created us out of love: Love that overflowed into all creation that has so much variety and beauty.”

Religion does not tell us what science is; but religion should have an influence on science in the Faith and Moral aspects of life. Religion cannot be proved or disproved in a Science Laboratory because it cannot measure the spiritual or moral qualities of life.



b) Science

Science deals with the physical aspects of life. Instruments of science are designed to measure material or physical objects and their effects. There are a few scientists who think that some results of experiments in “QUANTUM MECHANICS” show that God is not necessary for creation. Some scientists do not believe in God because they refuse to accept a spiritual existence. They refuse to accept a spiritual life because their laboratory instruments do not measure the existence of the spiritual such as God, the angels, or the soul of a human being.

Scientists generally agree that something has to have a starting point. They have a theory called the “BIG BANG THEORY”, which attempts to explain the beginning of the universe and its formation. Scientists who are Christian believe that the “BIG BANG THEORY” also needs a FIRST CAUSE or PRIME MOVER that we call GOD.

Scientists also have a “THEORY OF EVOLUTION”, which explains the gradual development of life on earth. Christians believe that the “Theory of Evolution” also needs a PRIME MOVER that we call GOD

The “CAMBRIAN EXPLOSION” is the discovery by scientists of impressive evidence of animal life over 500 million years ago. It is called an explosion because animals appear in a relatively short time. There is no compelling evidence that the animals of the Cambrian period evolved from previously existing animals. There is a lot of evidence for the evolution of animal species after the Cambrian period. This seems to indicate that creation rather than evolution started animal life on earth.

c) Scientific Theories Change

Factual data or empirical data is prone to misinterpretation. Therefore, theories have to be regularly updated or revised. This is necessary in the discovery of truth, but in the meantime the data can be full of inaccuracies. Therefore, it is necessary for Science to keep revising what is considered to be the truth according to the most recent proven facts or discoveries.

d) Some of the changes that have been made in Science:

- The Atom is not indivisible but has many particles in its makeup.

- Newton’s laws of gravity had to be revised for space travel.

- Light does not travel in straight lines but bends in space.

- The time and place of certain atomic particles are not simultaneously predictable.

- The theories of the origin of the Universe cannot all be true at the same time.

Some claims of science have NOT been demonstrated such as how life began from inanimate material. What was before the Big Bang and what caused it.?

e) What do Christians believe?

Christians believe that science can only test material things and that material things need to be created. Science cannot measure spiritual life, faith or morals.

Christians realize that scripture deals with the revelation of God’s Mercy, Love and Justice. The problem encountered is that human words have to be used to describe God’s existence, actions and revelations. For example, when God breathed the soul into Adam’s nostrils, we know that God does not breathe since God is a spirit. However, the revelation is clear – God infused the soul of Adam directly into his body.

To summarize – A Christian believes that God is the creator and author of everything that exists. Christians who believe that evolution is true must believe that God created it. This is an article of Faith stated in the NICENE CREED:

I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth of all things visible and invisible.



2. Comparison of Genesis with Scientific Theory

The Biblical account of Creation shows a gradual formation of the universe as does science. The days mentioned in Scripture do not have to be the 24-hour days we know but could be long periods of time that we can call ‘God’s time’. Scripture tells us that one day is like a thousand years and a thousand years are like a day to God (2 Peter 3, 8 and Psalm 90). Remember that GOD is the ETERNAL PRESENCE.

For Science studies and dates, do internet searches on the following:

The Big Bang Theory – The universe explodes out of singularity

Quantum Theory -The study of the atom’s makeup and behavior

Geology – The study of the formation of the earth

Evolution – The beginning and development of living things

Cambrian Explosion – The sudden appearance of animals

The Signs of God’s Existence – A two-hour documentary

Scientists - Lee Strobel and Anthony Flew about Creation



GENESIS - before the planet earth- the earth was without form or shape, with darkness over the abyss, a mighty wind

SCIENCE -start- (15 - 18 Billion Years Ago)- Big Bang/Quantum Theory, Formation of the Universe, Galaxies, Stars and Planets forming

Genesis- FIRST DAY- Let there be Light. Light and Darkness -Day and Night

Science- FIRST PERIOD (4.5 Billion Years Ago)- Our Solar System formed, Earth bombarded with Rocks/Ice. Earth cools

Genesis- SECOND DAY- Arrangement of the water above the dome (rain), Below the dome (water) ,The dome is the sky.

Science- SECOND PERIOD (3.5 Billion Years Ago) - Enormous Clouds and Rain, Earth covered with water, Volcanoes- earth cooling, simple life cell- Alga

Genesis- THIRD Day- Dry Land and Sea, Vegetation/fruit, Plants thriving Science- THIRD PERIOD (500 Million YA)- Formation of Land Masses, Earth continues to cool

Genesis- FOURTH DAY- Sunshine/Moonlight, Stars, to illuminate earth, Seasons

Science- FOURTH PERIOD (475 Million Years Ago)-Earth continues to Cool, Clouds thin out to permit sun, moon, and star light

Genesis- FIFTH DAY- Fish in Waters, Birds in Air

Science- FIFTH PERIOD (450 MILLION Years Ago)- Water and Air Cool, Fish and Birds Thrive

Genesis- SIXTH DAY- Many kinds of Animals Created, Man and Woman Created, Be fertile and have dominion

Science- SIXTH PERIOD (425 Million Years Ago)- Earth suitable for Animals., Cambrian explosion, Evidence of plants. Humans

Genesis- SEVENTH DAY- God Rests, Sabbath Day

Science- SEVENTH PERIOD (To Present), Climate Change Hot /Cold, ,Ice Ages and land shifts

This comparison of Genesis and Science is reasonable. There may be other and better comparisons. Since we believe that God is the creator of both science and religion, we also believe there is no contradiction between them for God. Any contradiction is a result of our imperfect knowledge and understanding.

3. THE CREATIVE POWER OF GOD.

A) Christians believe God is the Creator of all things that exist.

Our faith is reasonable because, all around us, the wonderful design and beauty of nature demands an intelligent Creator. Our intelligence demands an INFINITE INGELLIGENCE.

B) In Scripture, God is revealed as the Creator.

In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth and the earth was without form or shape, with darkness over the abyss and a mighty wind sweeping over the waters”(Genesis 1: 1).

Then God said: Let there be light, and there was light. God saw that the light was good

God created mankind in his image; in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. God blessed them and God said to them: be fertile and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it” (Genesis 1: 27).

The Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being.”



3. OBJECTIVE THREE: Creation of Adam and Eve - God made them in His Image with intelligence and free will. God created man to know, love, and serve Him, and give Him glory.

1. QUESTIONS STUDENTS ASK.

A) Why did God create us?

God created us to know, love and serve Him and be eternally happy with Him. In this way we give honor and glory to God now and for all eternity.

God created us in His image. This means that like God we have intelligence and free will. This also includes our creative desire to make or do things. Since we have the intelligence to know, love, and serve God freely, we are able to give Him greater glory than lesser creatures.

Remember God will not take away our intelligence and free will; therefore, we can freely choose to obey His commands or refuse to do so.

God does not need us, but when we do His will we give Him glory. It is worth mentioning that when we obey our parents because we love them they are much happier than if we obey them out of fear. God is our eternal Father.

When we make or do things we are happy because we see the good results of our efforts. It gives us enjoyment.

We get copyrights on our productions to prove ownership. God has created us and therefore has ownership of our very existence. God therefore expects us to do His will and give Him glory and praise

But God will not take away our free will and intelligence. God will always allow us to pick and choose. The choice is ours.



B) Does God need us?

God does not need us but we need God for everything. He made each of us very special in His image and likeness and loves us very much.

Parents do not need their children, but children need their parents. Our parents do not need us, but love us even when we do not obey them. They are very happy when we obey them out of love rather than fear. God also wants us to obey His commands out of love rather than fear. He wants us to give Him glory by obeying Him. That is why He created us. however, God does not need us.



C) Why should we pray?



D) Why should we go to Church?

We pray to bless and to receive blessings from God and give Him Adoration in humility because God created us.

We pray to petition God as creatures that depend on Him for everything.

We give thanks to God for everything we have received from Him.

We praise God to give Him glory.

We pray to ask the angels, saints, and our friends to intercede for us to obtain blessings and needs we have.

Jesus gave us the “Our Father” which praises God and asks God for help. The greatest prayer Jesus gave us is the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, because Jesus comes to us under the form of bread and wine to nourish our souls.

The Church makes Sunday Mass an obligation for all Catholics.

We should go to Mass because Holy Communion, our Spiritual Food, unites us to the Body of Christ which is the Church Community. In the Mass we show our love for each other by praying for each other’s eternal happiness. That is why the Church makes Sunday Mass an obligation.

Jesus told us to pray even for our enemies.



E) What is the soul?

When you say “I” or “ME” you refer to your existence as one person. The body is a very important part of your being since it takes both Body and Soul to make a human person. However, it is the Soul that gives you intellect and free will. Once you die the body can make no more decision or choices.

Jesus tells us to look after our soul not just our bodies since the soul has everlasting life. But Jesus promised to resurrect our bodies on the last day.

F) What does everyone want in life?

Students after mentioning peace, love, money etc., will eventually come up with the answer Saint Thomas Aquinas gave to this question. He said every human being in the core of his being wants to be happy.

The Gospel message of Jesus teaches us the true meaning of happiness. Jesus tells us to take up our cross and follow Him by serving and helping others. Love one another as I have loved you.

You shall love your neighbor as yourself” (Matt. 22: 39).

This may not seem to be happiness, yet Jesus says it will give us joy to the full, if we follow His commands. The lives of the saints have proved this many time. All of us will never be tested beyond our abilities, but we will be tested.

In this life we often make the wrong choices such as improper use of drugs, alcohol, etc. because we think it will give us happiness. It is often later that we realize how badly mistaken we were.

Jesus promised us the resurrection and eternal happiness if we follow Him. This demands serious consideration from all of us.



2. We are created in the image of God

God created mankind in his image; in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. God blessed them and God said to them: Be fertile and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it.” (Genesis 1:27).

In the beginning was the Word, the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came to be through Him, and without Him nothing came to be.” (John 1:1).

What came to be through Him was life, and this life was the light of the human race” (John 1: 3)

3. Our human nature reflects something of God

However, the future Pope [John Paul II] used the truth of our creation in God’s image in a new way. Since we are all created to be like God, and since we are all unique reflections of God, our own experiences, properly understood, reveal something of God. Since we are images of God, our experiences should reveal something about God. From “DISSENT FROM THE CREED” by Richard Hogan, page 319

Our human nature and experiences show that we want justice and fairness in our lives. These desires reflect the love, justice, and mercy of God. Examples of these can be prudently used to show what is meant when we say that we are made in God’s image and are created with intelligence and free will.



4. Prayers that give God honour and glory.

For more information consult: “Catechism of the Catholic Church” PART FOUR – Section One and Two

A) The prayer Jesus gave us (The Our Father) honours God.

Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name.

Thy kingdom come thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil. Amen.

B) The Hail Mary honours Mary and Jesus (see ANNUNCIATION AND VISITATION)

From the Annunciation - Hail Mary full of grace the lord is with thee.

From the Visitation of Mary to St. Elizabeth. - Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb Jesus.

From the Church - Holy Mary Mother of God pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our death. Amen.



C) The Church teaches prayers that Honour God.

In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen

Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning is now and ever shall be, world without end. AMEN



5. THE FIRST THREE COMMANDMENTS - God expects this from us

For more information see: “Catechism of the Catholic Church”- PART THREE – Section Two – Chapter One

A) THE FIRST COMMANDMENT - I am the Lord your God. You shall not have strange gods before me.

B) THE SECOND COMMANDMENT - You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.

C) THE THIRD COMMANDMENT - Remember to keep holy the Sabbath day.



6. JESUS instructs us how to serve God.

And I tell you, ask and you will receive, seek and you will find, knock and the door will be opened to you. For everyone who asks, receives; and the one who seeks, finds; and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened” (Luke 11: 9).

I am the vine, you are the branches. Whoever remains in me and I in him will bear much fruit, because without me you can do nothing” (John 15: 5).

Do not let your hearts be troubled. You have faith in God, have faith also in me. In my Father’s house there are many dwelling places. If there were not, would I have told you that I am going to prepare a place for you?” (John 14: 1)

7. .Scripture describes mankind's creation

God created mankind in his image; in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. God blessed them and God said to them: Be fertile and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it.” (Genesis 1: 27).

The Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being” (Genesis 2: 7).

The man gave names to all the tame animals, all the birds of the air, and all the wild animals, but none proved to be a helper suited to the man. So the Lord God cast a deep sleep in the man, and while he was asleep, he took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. The Lord God then built the rib that he had taken from the man into a woman.” (Genesis 2: 20).

4. OBJECTIVE FOUR: Their disobedience – heaven closed because our parents chose to disobey God, our relationship with God was broken, our souls were wounded and the gate of heaven was closed to us.

For more information consult: “Catechism of the Catholic Church” PART ONE – Section two – Chapter One



1. QUESTIONS STUDENTS ASK.

A) What sin did Adam and Eve commit?

Adam and Eve sinned by disobeying God. It is called ORIGINAL SIN because it is the first sin committed by the Human Race.

B) Why did Adam and Eve sin?

God revealed to us in Scripture that Adam and Eve had intelligence and free will. He gave them a simple test in the Garden of Eden where they had everything. They were free to obey or disobey.

Satan in the form of a serpent lied to Eve, telling her she would be like God knowing good and evil, if she ate the fruit. Eve was deceived by Satan and ate of the forbidden fruit. Then she gave some to Adam and he also ate.

C) Why was the gate to heaven closed?

This was one of the punishments Adam and Eve had to suffer because they had disobeyed God’s command. The human race inherited this sin from our first parents. That is why the sin is called ORIGINAL SIN. It is this sin that is the cause of the death, punishment, and suffering that we experience in this life (See next question). That is why Heaven was closed to all people until Jesus opened it by His death on the Cross.

D) Why is there so much suffering?

Adam and Eve suffered the loss of the Garden of Eden because of their sin of disobedience. Original Sine is the cause of suffering and death. This sin weakened our human nature against disease and temptations to sin. This does not mean that anyone who suffers is guilty of sin. Many innocent people suffer. Jesus, completely innocent of all sin, willingly suffered death for our sake because of sin. God promised to send a WOMAN AND HER SON to fight Satan. That is why we should thank Jesus every day from the bottom of our hearts because He offered Himself up for our sins.



Read Chapter Three of the Book of Genesis where the punishment for their disobedience is explained and where God’s promise of help for mankind is made.

We have the knowledge of good and evil and are often tempted to do what is wrong. However, we still have free will to help us decide what to do. It is true that evil seems to get the publicity, but there are many people who show their great love and serve their neighbors. Jesus gave us the command to love each other as He loved us. This struggle between good and evil causes us suffering and often makes it difficult to control our weakened human nature. It is disobedience to the Laws of God that causes us to sin. We are bound to obey all Divine Laws and Civil laws that conform to God’s Laws. Jesus came, as our Redeemer, to help us in this daily struggle.



Suffering teaches us to have compassion for people who are suffering because of poverty or sickness. It makes us realize that Jesus, for love of us, suffered and died on the Cross. It helps us unite our sufferings with the suffering of Jesus. The Church teaches us to make a morning offering each day. It helps us to take up our cross daily and follow Him. Jesus is close to us when we suffer and helps us bear this burden.

Most of the Apostles and thousands of holy people have suffered death for the sake of the Gospel. Many saints suffer very much to atone for the many sins committed daily in our society.

We too should offer up our daily sufferings to make reparation for our own sins and the sins of others. Learn about the First Friday and First Saturday devotions concerning reparation for sins committed against the Immaculate Heart of Mary and the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

Remember that just because a person suffers from illness or has a serious misfortune, it is very wrong to say that God is punishing that person.



E) What about the Old Testament?

In the Old testament God revealed Himself to us as the Creator. He showed His great love and compassion for His people. God leads His people and warns them through the Prophets to be faithful to His commandments. When they disobey Him, He punishes them in many ways and sometimes by having other nations carry them off into exile.

Even the Archangels Michael, Raphael, and Gabriel came to help them.

The Old Testament also tells us something about the coming of the Messiah and of His coming Kingdom and Church. The promised Messiah was to come from the line of King David. We believe that Jesus is that promised Messiah. After Adam and Eve, Heaven was closed to mankind and with weakened body and soul were subject to sin. This became evident when the first murder of Abel by Cain took place because of jealousy

Then followed thousands of years of suffering, conflict, and violence; including periods of disobedience to God’s Laws. These events are recorded in the Old Testament.



2. Scripture tells us about Original Sin.

He asked the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You shall not eat from any of the trees in the garden’?” The woman answered the snake: “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden; it is only about the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden that God said, ‘You shall not eat it or even touch it, or else you will die.’ But the snake said to the women: “You certainly will not die! God knows well that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened and you will be like gods, who know good and evil” (Gen. 3: 2).

So, she took some of its fruit and ate it; and she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it” (Gen. 3: 6).

"I will put enmities between you and the WOMAN, and between your offspring and hers; they will strike at your head, while you strike at their heel” (Gen. 3: 15)

The Lord God therefore banished him from the Garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he had been taken. He expelled the man, stationing the cherubim and the fiery revolving sword east of the Garden of Eden” (Gen. 3: 23).

3. In the Old Testament God stayed with them. Thousands of years later, Jesus the Messiah was born

The Old Testament Patriarchs, Judges, Kings and Prophets point to the Messiah and the New Testament. It helps us understand who the expected Messiah is. For Christians, Jesus Christ is that long expected Messiah.

There are many characters of the Old Testament that are not mentioned in this Manual.

However, the following Individuals and Events of the Old Testament teach us something about Jesus and His Church. They will show how God’s revelation of the Messiah comes to us gradually through their lives, teachings, messages and prophesies.

They are called Types of the Messiah by Theologians. This means that they prefigure Jesus and reveal something about Him, His Church and His Eternal Kingdom.



4. The Old Testament Patriarchs and Prophets

Note 1 - Following each part below, the similarity to Jesus is noted.

Note 2 - The date given after some of the individuals is approximate.

A) Adam (Man) and Eve (Living)

Adam and Eve, the first parents of the human race, were created by God in His image and likeness.

Therefore, we have the intelligence to be creative and to know what is good and evil. We have the freedom to choose from the options we are faced with. We can do this freely and therefore are responsible for our actions.

God also asked them to increase and multiply and gave the earth into their care. Because of their disobedience they lost Paradise. There are consequences to the decisions we make.

Note 1 - Jesus established the Kingdom of Heaven to spread the Good News of the Gospel to increase the membership in His Mystical Body the Church.

Note 2 - Jesus told us there are consequences to the decisions we make.

B) Abel (Breath)

Abel was a gentle person who was honest and just. He was a Shepherd who offered an acceptable offering to God. His Brother Cain murdered him because of jealousy.

Note. Jesus said He was the Good Shepherd and died for our sins.

C) Noah (Comfort)

Among all the people, God saw that Noah was a just man. God asked Noah to build an Ark to save himself and his family from the flood that God said would come.

Note - Jesus established His Church in which people are protected from evil and can save themselves from everlasting death.

“Noah was a righteous man, and blameless in his generation, Noah walked with God… but the earth was corrupt in the view of God and full of lawlessness” (Genesis 6:9).

D) Melchisedech (King of Justice-about 2000 B.C.)

Melchisedech was King of Salem, King of Peace, and offered bread and wine to God. He blessed Abram whose name was changed by God to Abraham. Melchisedech’s appearance to Abraham after a victorious battle was sudden and mysterious.

Melchisedech, King of Salem, brought out bread and wine. He was a priest of God Most High. He blessed Abram” (Genesis 14: 18).

Note - Jesus offered Himself to God under the appearance of Bread and Wine in the First Mass on Holy Thursday Night. Jesus is called the Prince of Peace.

E) Abraham (Father) (About 2000 B.C.)

God changed Abram’s name to Abraham who was chosen by God to take Palestine as his land. He Journeyed from Ur (a city which was in what is Iraq today) on a long trip to Palestine.

Abraham was asked by God to sacrifice his son Isaac in the land of Moriah. Isaac carried the wood for his own sacrifice but was not slain because an angel intervened to protect him. Isaac was returned alive to his father Abraham.

Note 1 - Jesus carried His cross and offered Himself for our sins.

Note 2 - After the resurrection He returned to the right hand the Father.

Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, ‘For my part, here is my covenant with you; you are to become the father of a multitude of nations. No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I am making you the father of a multitude of nations’ (Genesis 17: 3).

Genesis 25:1- This is the account of Abraham’s son Isaac

Genesis 25: 27-This is the account of Isaac’s sons Esau and Jacob.

Genesis 25: 33- Esau sells his birthright to Jacob.

F) Isaac(He Laughs)

Isaac was the only son of Abraham. He carried the wood for his own sacrifice but was saved and given back to his father. He became the father of many nations. This fulfilled the promise to Abraham that he would be the father of a multitude of nations. Isaac had two sons Esau and Jacob.

Note1 - Jesus ascended to His Father in Heaven.

Note 2 - Through the Church and Sacraments, Jesus increases the membership in His Mystical Body from all nations of the world.



G) Jacob (Supplanter)

Esau, as the first- born son, sold his birthright to Jacob. Jacob’s mother helped him obtain the birthright by getting Isaac to give Jacob that special blessing. God changed Jacob’s name to Israel. Jacob (Israel) had 12 sons. These 12 sons became the 12 tribes of Israel. Joseph was the youngest and most loved son of Israel.

Note 1 - Mary supported Jesus on the way of the cross.

Note 2 - Jesus chose 12 Apostles to spread the Gospel.

On Jacobs’s arrival from Padden-Aram, God appeared to him again and blessed him. God said to him: Your name is Jacob, you will no longer be named Jacob, but Israel will be your name. So he was named Israel. Then God said to him: I am God Almighty; be fruitful and multiply. A nation, indeed an assembly of nations, will stem from you, and kings will issue from your loins. The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you” (Genesis 35: 9).


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