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Who will you be tomorrow?


Raymond E. Kallaher, Jr.


Copyright 2018 by Raymond E. Kallaher, Jr.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced by any means, graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping or by any information storage retrieval system without the written permission of the publisher except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews.

The information, ideas, and suggestions in this book are not intended to render professional advice. Before following any suggestions contained in this book you should consult your personal advisor or counsel. Neither the author nor the publisher shall be liable or responsible for any loss or damage alleged arising as a consequence of your use or application of any information or suggestions in this book.

First Edition

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It has been said that... We are the paradoxical ape... bipedal, large brain, master of fire and tools... trying to understand ourselves... destined to die yet full of optimism. We are insatiably curious and resourceful, capable of shaping our future from our shared understanding of the past.

The human race has gone through over 8 million years of evolution to arrive at a time of great scientific and social change. To our knowledge we are the only species on earth that have gone beyond instinct and developed self-awareness along with the capabilities of reasoning, perception, memory, and judgement that allow us to have direct and profound impact on our lives and the world we live in.

We are in the midst of a scientific, technological, and communications revolution that is rapidly penetrating the entire human population. How we access, process, and use this exponentially growing collection of knowledge will have a massive influence on advancing human capabilities and fundamentally reshape our future. This will result in discoveries, products, innovations and social revolutions that promise to affect all of humanity... possibly our very survival.

Discovery commences with the awareness of an anomaly... the recognition that nature somehow violated the paradigm-induced expectations...

Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.

This book is not intended to push the boundaries of science. Rather it is a summary of a personal intellectual exercise by a curious mind to broaden understanding of our contemporary world. It takes advantage of presently available information (see References) to probe some basic questions:

1. Where did we come from?

2. Where are we going?

3. How do we get to where we want to go?

I trust that the information captured herein will spark a degree of interest in the readers so they can do their own exercise to define and chart their own path.

Ray Kallaher, Jr.


We, the incoming freshman class were all gathered in the auditorium. The University President stood before us delivering his welcoming message. He bid us welcome and shared with us the school rules and what was expected of us. Then, in conclusion he said something that has stayed with me my entire life. He said... You will learn many things during your time of study here... but the most important thing you will learn is how to learn.

Webster defines success as: a favorable or desired outcome. However, I believe that this definition is too terse and conceals a wide hidden world behind it.

I propose a more comprehensive definition:

Def., success: a process by which a person achieves ones aims or goals.

Note that the terse definition does not account for the dynamics of the process per se. That is, it does not expressly account for the time related effort one has to put forth which produces opportunities for personal growth that emerge through the process. Although we long for the tangible things that the process can produce, the intangible personal growth... including both knowledge and character... that comes via the process itself is probably the most valuable success of all. Personal growth involves our pursuit of knowledge, purpose and meaning through effort over time. It is in effect a lifelong quest for knowledge... for significance... to be relevant.

We should remain aware of our incremental growth as we go through this life process and welcome the serendipities... those exciting ah ha moments whereupon we experience the immense personal satisfaction that we have learned something new! Knowledge emerges from our daily effort.

Def., significance: the quality of being worthy of attention; importance.

We may ask ourselves... Why am I here? How can I live a life of significance? Significance is a quality that must be earned through a life of contribution. But this begs a follow on question... Contribute what? What part of ourselves can or should we contribute... knowledge, skills, time... and why? Indeed, this is a question we must all answer for ourselves. Significance is measured by what positive impact we make on society and the positive influence on the people whose lives we touch.


Throughout time humanity has built and destroyed civilizations, built the pyramids and soaring cathedrals, conquered the atom, gone to the moon, explored the solar system, and charted the known universe. All of this has taken the strategic use of time. And yet the essence of time, in a scientific sense eludes us. Indeed, our present understanding of time proceeds from the way we use it.

The famous physicist, Stephen Hawking in his bestselling book, A Brief History of Time (1988), posited three notions (arrows) of time:

1. Psychological time: This corresponds to the human perception of time. Things we remember are in the past. We know we have moved forward in time if we can remember more things now than we did in a previous moment. We seem to be capable of remembering whether we knew something in the past. We seem to be able to predict or infer, with some degree of accuracy, events which may happen in the future, yet we forever lack complete knowledge of the future.

Def., Bayesian inference (mathematics): a method of statistical inference in which Bayes theorem is used to update the probability for a hypothesis as more evidence becomes available.

2. Entropic time: This notion of time corresponds to the perceived law of nature that the universe seems to prefer moving from a state of order toward a state of disorder.

Def., entropy (physics): a fundamental quantity of statistical mechanics, related to the degree of disorder of a physical system.

3. Cosmological time: According to present theory this arrow moves forward when the universe is an inflationary state and backward when the universe is in a deflationary state.

According to psychologists and scientists time is a uniquely human concept based on the laws of physics. Specifically, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, states that the entropy, the measure of disorder of any isolated or closed physical system, that is, a system which can have no energy added/subtracted from an outside source/sink, always increases.

The arrow of time, in this regard, is interpreted as being in the direction of increasing entropy, which is the direction of increasing disorder of the expanding universe. It is a one way street!

The theoretical smallest unit of time is defined within the system of natural units known as Planck units. Planck Time is defined as the unit of time for light to travel in a vacuum a distance of 1 Planck Length of 1.6 x 10-35 meter.

Planck time, 5.39 x 10-44 second, is derived from a unique combination of fundamental physical constants to produce a constant with the unit of time...


h = Planck’s constant, 6.6261 x 10-34 (meter2 kilogram)/second

G = Newton’s gravitation constant, 6.6741 x 10-11 meter3/ (kilogram second2)

c = speed of light in a vacuum, 2.998 x 108 meters/sec

We use time to organize and bring order to our endeavors. All scientific experiments and human experiences occur over time scales that are many orders of magnitude longer that the Planck time. Humanity divides time into respective applicable segments (from shortest to longest measurable units): femtoseconds, nanoseconds, microseconds, milliseconds, seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years, decades, centuries, millennia, eons, eras, and so on. Only the day, month and year are based on the perceptions from the natural environment of the earth’s rotation and orbit around the son. All of the remaining segmentations are science related definitions. They are not discoveries about time as much as inventions of the human mind for the purpose of scientific analysis and experimentation.

As a point of illustration, as of this writing the average U.S. male life expectancy is 79 years. Over this time span there are:

948 months,

28,440 days,

682,560 hours,

40,953,600 minutes,

2,457,216,000 seconds.

We have no time to waste. Our concept of time is divided into three segments: past, present, and future. We invented the clock to record the present even as it flees. We spend ALL of our time in the present. The past is history and the future is forever yet to come.

We are allotted one lifetime the length of which is unknown to us. Once we use or waste a second, a minute, or an hour it is gone forever. However, the effects of our time past ripple out through our future like a tidal wave and impacts our decisions and actions. By this measure time is each individual’s most valuable asset and becomes more valuable as it passes and shrinks our expected future. It is incumbent on each of us to use it wisely. We cannot replenish our reserves of time.

All we can ever possess of time is the fleeting present and we must build our world from within this transience. Although we can never bring back the past we retain its influence on us and can use the things we have learned to help frame our future. In governing the future, the concept of success covers a much broader scope than just financial. Although money is one of the driving factors there are many more measures of success... based on short term and long term objectives. All of the effort we put forth in seeking success results in personal growth. Some refer to it as sweat equity. Whatever our intention or desire may be, experts impress upon us the need to develop a plan by which we can govern the use of our precious time wisely. As we learn and contribute and grow our significance the financial rewards will come.


Unfortunately, contrary to popular belief, we all do not inherit the same opportunities. We each start from a different set of circumstances and genetics. Some start out rich, some start out poor. Some grow short, some grow tall, some are fast some are slow. Each of us has a different mix of needs, wants and desires as conditioned on the circumstances of our particular time and place. Therefore, we must sculpt our plan to develop our needed skills accordingly. Education... knowledge... can level the playing field.

The common denominator is that we each have been blessed with a God-given brain that we can choose to use or choose not to use. The gift of neuroplasticity, which will be discussed later, gives us the ability to develop our intelligence and knowledge in the direction we choose. We thus have the innate internal capability to take control of our life and to make our own opportunities. We have to get into the game, face the risk and take advantage of whatever opportunities that we encounter or make for ourselves.

What sets us apart is the strength of our will to succeed as we walk our path of life. History is replete with highly accomplished people who came from meager backgrounds. Indeed, some of the most successful people are those who had to face the most difficult circumstances. Notwithstanding our particular personal circumstances, if we want to get ahead in life, we have to start from where we are, follow a few simple rules and persevere.

World recognized leadership experts have discovered that success depends more on WHO we are than WHAT we do. If we are going to maintain pursuit of our success we must put forth the effort and condition ourselves to recognize, understand and adapt to an ever changing world. We have to develop an understanding of how and why our socio-economic environment is changing and how we can join in the process rather than just riding along. With this we can contribute to and benefit from this complex process.


Time marches on and with each passing day the socio-economic environment around us is changing and adapting to the prevailing techno-economic winds.

Globalization and the rapidly advancing Information Age are driving changes to the economies, institutions and social environment of both rich nations and poor around the world. These changes are impacting the lives and financial well-being of U.S. workers and their families. And some of these changes will be permanent.

The primary cause of these changes is, ironically, human ingenuity itself… we, as creative and intellectual beings are the very agents of the changes that are affecting our own lives. This is how it has always been throughout human history... it is in our nature to be adventurous and creative.

Setting the Stage for Human Evolution

Cosmologists estimate the birth of the universe to have occurred 13.7 billion years ago via a violent explosion and inflationary process that has come to be known as the Big Bang. It is believed that our nearest star, the Sun was formed around 4.6 billion years ago via gravitational collapse of material within a region of a large molecular cloud believed to include remnants from the super novae of earlier generation stars. Further evidence points to the formation of the earth about 4.5 billion years ago by the process of accretion from our solar nebula. Over the ensuing billions of years the earth and its atmosphere evolved to permit the emergence of primitive cellular life from the chemistry of primordial earth about 2 billion years ago and the first primates emerged around 50 million years ago. This set the stage for human evolution.

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